First use of oil painting at bamyan in afghanistan predating

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Bamiyan, also spelled Bāmīān or Bāmyān, town located in central Afghanistan.

It lies about 80 miles (130 km) northwest of Kabul, the country’s capital, in the Bamiyan valley, at an elevation of 8,495 feet (2,590 metres).

It all goes back to March 2001, when in Bamiyan, central Afghanistan, the Taliban destroyed two giant Buddha statues, probably dating from between the middle of the 6th and 7th centuries AD.

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The two Buddha figures, together with numerous ancient man-made caves in the cliffs north of the town, made Bamiyan a major Afghan archaeological site.

These analyses will make it easier to characterize the alteration processes at work on the surface of the few paintings that remain on the walls, and may help us understand how to preserve them.

For years, political conflicts and wars have taken precedence over archaeological research in Afghanistan, and these remain a major obstacle to the study and preservation of sites.

To the scientists' surprise, some of them are oil paintingsa technique believed to have been born between the 14th and the late 15th century in Flanders and Italy.© National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Tokyo (NRICPT)Paintings of Buddhas decorate many caves that were used as temples.

The paintings are now the oldest oil paintings ever discovered, dating back to the middle of the 7th century. Our goal was to identify the various ingredients used by the artists and to understand the painting methods of the time.

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