Dating old beer bottles
Notes: * For the Amber Ale, Pale Ale and Burton Strong Ale, the first row shows the whole mash being used.The 2nd and 3rd rows show the more likely situation in practice, where a barrel of small beer is also made from the mash.Considering the length of time they survived with essentially the same meaning, it's surprising how much confusion the general classifications of British beeer have caused.We like to think of the modern world as a much more orderly place than that the 18th century.Before the development of railways, this was only possible in a city of London's size.The largest brewery already produced a very respectable 91,000 hectolitres in 1748. All I day I squirted bright beer into oversized tin cans. The story I had always been told, was this: AK stood for Arthur King, former head brewer at Hole's and father of the beer. Later, I discovered this explanation demonstrated the brevity of popular memory. These are the questions that prompted my initial interest in beer names and their history. And the answers to a load of other questions I thought up on the way. I will consider here only the 18th and 19th centuries.
There were some major technological advances in 18th century British brewing: In the second half of the 18th century brewing began to be operated on an industrial scale in London. Already a real ale drinker, the prospect of working in a keg-only plant didn't excite me much. As a beer, it had represented the pinnacle of Newark's brewing tradition. To help us around them, I will explain how British beers were classified by brewers, governors and drinkers in centuries past. Between school and university, I had a summer job in the last remaining brewery, formerly James Hole & Co., but then romantically called John Smith's (Newark). Understanding old brewing texts There are two main obstacles to understanding brewing in the past: changes in the langauge and changes in the methods of classification.Thirty years later, there were 6 breweries each pumping out more than 100,000 hl.annually.By the end of the century, Whitbread had taken the lead and broken the 300,000 hl barrier.